New References Recently Added to the Site

Welcome to "Without Conscience"
Robert Hare's Web Site devoted to the study of Psychopathy


Key References Related to Psychopathy and the Hare Scales

New studies on psychopathy are being published at an ever increasing rate. These new references will be posted here as soon as possible, and at that time, will also be added to our Main Reference List.

New references:

October 4, 2017

Gardner, B. O., & Boccaccini, M. T. (2017). Does the convergent validity of the PAI Antisocial Features Scale depend on offender response style? Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(5), 481-493. doi:10.1080/00223891.2017.1296846

Higgs, T., Tully, R. J., & Browne, K. D. (2017). Psychometric properties in forensic application of the Screening Version of the Psychopathy Checklist. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/0306624X17719289

Kebbell, M. R., & Westera, N. (2017). The ‘worst of the worst’: Detectives’ beliefs about dangerous violent offenders and how to deal with them. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/13218719.2017.1315786

Owens, E. S., McPharlin, F. W. H., Brooks, N., & Fritzon, K. (2017). The effects of empathy, emotional intelligence and psychopathy on interpersonal interactions. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/13218719.2017.1347936

ten Brinke, L., Porter, S., Korva, N., Fowler, K., Lilienfeld, S. O., & Patrick, C. J. (2017). An examination of the communication styles associated with psychopathy and their influence on observer impressions. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10919-017-0252-5


Balsis, S., Busch, A. J., Wilfong, K. M., Newman, J. W., & Edens, J. F. (2017). A statistical consideration regarding the threshold of the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(5), 494-502. doi:10.1080/00223891.2017.1281819

Boccaccini, M. T., Harris, P. B., Schrantz, K., & Varela, J. G. (2017). Personality Assessment Inventory scores as predictors of evaluation referrals, evaluator opinions, and commitment decisions in sexually violent predator cases. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(5), 472-480. doi:10.1080/00223891.2016.1269775

Rulseh, A., Edens, J. F., & Cox, J. (2017). Triarchic model personality traits and their impact on mock juror perceptions of a white-collar criminal defendant. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(5), 453-464. doi:10.1080/00223891.2016.1238830

June 20, 2017

Anderson, J., & Cheers, C. (2017). Does the Dark Triad predict prejudice?: The role of machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism in explaining negativity toward asylum seekers. Australian Psychologist. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/ap.12283

Blais, J., Forth, A. E., & Hare, R. D. (2017). Examining the interrater reliability of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist—Revised across a large sample of trained raters. Psychological Assessment, 29(6), 762-775. doi:10.1037/pas0000455

Christian, E. J., Meltzer, C. L., Thede, L. L., & Kosson, D. S. (2017). The relationship between early life events, parental attachment, and psychopathic tendencies in adolescent detainees. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 48(2), 260-269. doi:10.1007/s10578-016-0638-3

Colins, O. F., Fanti, K. A., Andershed, H., Mulder, E., Salekin, R. T., Blokland, A., & Vermeiren, R. R. J. M. (2017). Psychometric properties and prognostic usefulness of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) as a component of a clinical protocol for detained youth: A multiethnic examination. Psychological Assessment, 29(6), 740-753. doi:10.1037/pas0000437

Harris, P. B., Boccaccini, M. T., & Rice, A. K. (2017). Field measures of psychopathy and sexual deviance as predictors of recidivism among sexual offenders. Psychological Assessment, 29(6), 639-651. doi:10.1037/pas0000394

Lamkin, J., Maples-Keller, J. L., & Miller, J. D. (2017). How likable are personality disorder and general personality traits to those who possess them? Journal of Personality. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/jopy.12302

Levy, T., Apter, A., Djalovski, A., Peskin, M., Fennig, S., Gat-Yablonski, G., Bar-Maisels, M., Borodkin, K., & Bloch, Y. (2017). The reliability, concurrent validity and association with salivary oxytocin of the self-report version of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in adolescents with conduct disorder. Psychiatry Research, 256, 124-129. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.06.028

Próspero-Luis, J., Moreira, P. S., Paiva, T. O., Teixeira, C. P., Costa, P., & Almeida, P. R. (2017). Psychopathy, criminal intentions, and abnormal appraisal of the expected outcomes of theft. Legal and Criminological Psychology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/lcrp.12103

Rettenberger, M., Rice, M. E., Harris, G. T., & Eher, R. (2017). Actuarial risk assessment of sexual offenders: The psychometric properties of the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (SORAG). Psychological Assessment, 29(6), 624-638. doi:10.1037/pas0000390

Salekin, R. T. (2017). Research review: What do we know about psychopathic traits in children? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12738

Skeem, J. L., Kennealy, P. J., Tatar II, J. R., Hernandez, I. R., & Keith, F. A. (2017). How well do juvenile risk assessments measure factors to target in treatment? Examining construct validity. Psychological Assessment, 29(6), 679-691. doi:10.1037/pas0000409

Tye, C., Bedford, R., Asherson, P., Ashwood, K. L., Azadi, B., Bolton, P., McLoughlin, G. (2017). Callous-unemotional traits moderate executive function in children with ASD and ADHD: A pilot event-related potential study. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2017.06.002


Klein Haneveld, E., Kamphuis, J. H., Smid, W., & Forbey, J. D. (2017). Using MMPI-2-RF correlates to elucidate the PCL-R and its four facets in a sample of male forensic psychiatric patients. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(4), 398-407. doi:10.1080/00223891.2016.1228655

Kutchen, T. J., Wygant, D. B., Tylicki, J. L., Dieter, A. M., Veltri, C. O. C., & Sellbom, M. (2017). Construct validity of the MMPI–2–RF Triarchic Psychopathy Scales in correctional and collegiate samples. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99(4), 408-415. doi:10.1080/00223891.2016.1238829

June 8, 2017

Anderson, N. E., Steele, V. R., Maurer, J. M., Rao, V., Koenigs, M. R., Decety, J., Kosson, D. S., Calhoun, V. D. & Kiehl, K. A. (2017). Differentiating emotional processing and attention in psychopathy with functional neuroimaging. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 17(3), 491-515. doi:10.3758/s13415-016-0493-5

Anestis, J. C., Harrop, T. M., Green, B. A., & Anestis, M. D. (2017). Psychopathic personality traits as positive factors against the development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms in a sample of National Guard Combat Veterans. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(2), 220-229. doi:10.1007/s10862-017-9588-8

Blickle, G., & Schütte, N. (2017). Trait psychopathy, task performance, and counterproductive work behavior directed toward the organization. Personality and Individual Differences, 109, 225-231. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.006

Boduszek, D., Debowska, A., & Willmott, D. (2017). Latent profile analysis of psychopathic traits among homicide, general violent, property, and white-collar offenders? Journal of Criminal Justice, 51, 17-23. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.06.001

Dargis, M. A., Mattern, A. C., & Newman, J. P. (2017). Set-congruent priming stimuli normalize the information processing of psychopathic offenders. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(2), 209-219. doi:10.1007/s10862-017-9587-9

Dargis, M., Wolf, R. C., & Koenigs, M. (2017). Reversal learning deficits in criminal offenders: Effects of psychopathy, substance use, and childhood maltreatment history. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(2), 189-197. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9574-6

Delk, L. A., Bobadilla, L., & Lima, E. N. (2017). Psychopathic traits associate differentially to anger, disgust and fear recognition among men and women. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(1), 25-34. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9561-y

Gao, Y., Huang, Y., & Li, X. (2017). Interaction between prenatal maternal stress and autonomic arousal in predicting conduct problems and psychopathic traits in children. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(1), 1-14. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9556-8

Guerra, R. C., & White, B. A. (2017). Psychopathy and functions of aggression in emerging adulthood: Moderation by anger rumination and gender. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(1), 35-45. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9563-9

Li, X., Chan, W. T., Ang, R. P., & Huan, V. S. (2017). Assessment of psychopathic traits in Singaporean adolescents: Validation of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(2), 198-208. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9579-1

McLarnon, M. J. W., & Tarraf, R. C. (2017). The Dark Triad: Specific or general sources of variance? A bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling approach. Personality and Individual Differences, 112, 67-73. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.049

Meere, M., & Egan, V. (2017). Everyday sadism, the Dark Triad, personality, and disgust sensitivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 112, 157-161. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.056

Pasion, R., Fernandes, C., Pereira, M. R., & Barbosa, F. (2017). Antisocial behaviour and psychopathy: Uncovering the externalizing link in the P3 modulation. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.03.012

Salihovic, S., & Stattin, H. (2017). Psychopathic traits and delinquency trajectories in adolescence. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(1), 15-24. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9553-y

Szabó, E., Kocsel, N., Édes, A., Pap, D., Galambos, A., Zsombók, T., Szabó, A., Kozák, L. R., Bagdy, G., Juhász, G., & Kökönyei, G. (2017). Callous-unemotional traits and neural responses to emotional faces in a community sample of young adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 111, 312-317 . doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.026

van Dongen, J. D. M., Drislane, L. E., Nijman, H., Soe-Agnie, S. E., & van Marle, H. J. C. (2017). Further evidence for reliability and validity of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure in a forensic sample and a community sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(1), 58-66. doi:10.1007/s10862-016-9567-5

Vyas, K., Jameel, L., Bellesi, G., Crawford, S., & Channon, S. (2017). Derailing the trolley: Everyday utilitarian judgments in groups high versus low in psychopathic traits or autistic traits. Psychiatry Research, 250, 84-91. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.054


Weidacker, K., Snowden, R. J., Boy, F., & Johnston, S. J. (2017). Response Inhibition in the parametric go/no-go task in psychopathic offenders. Psychiatry Research, 250, 256-263. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.083

June 6, 2017

Blair, R. J. R. (2017). Emotion-based learning systems and the development of morality. Cognition. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2017.03.013

Ellis, J. D., Schroder, H. S., Patrick, C. J., & Moser, J. S. (2017). Emotional reactivity and regulation in individuals with psychopathic traits: Evidence for a disconnect between neurophysiology and self-report. Psychophysiology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/psyp.12903

Lyons, M., Croft, A., Fairhurst, S., Varley, K., & WIlson, C. (2017). Seeing through crocodile tears? Sex-specific associations between the Dark Triad traits and lie detection accuracy. Personality and Individual Differences, 113, 1-4. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.008

Marshall, J., Watts, A. L., Frankel, E. L., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2017). An examination of psychopathy's relationship with two indices of moral judgment. Personality and Individual Differences, 113, 240-245. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.034

Moul, C., Hawes, D. J., & Dadds, M. R. (2017). Mapping the developmental pathways of child conduct problems through the neurobiology of empathy. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.03.016

Ortega-Escobar, J., Alcázar-Córcoles, M. Á., Puente-Rodríguez, L., & Peńaranda-Ramos, E. (2017). Psychopathy: Legal and neuroscientific aspects. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.apj.2017.01.003

Sherretts, N., Boduszek, D., Debowska, A., & Willmott, D. (2017). Comparison of murderers with recidivists and first time incarcerated offenders from U.S. prisons on psychopathy and identity as a criminal: An exploratory analysis. Journal of Criminal Justice. Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.03.002

Viljoen, J. L., Shaffer, C. S., Gray, A. L., & Douglas, K. S. (2017). Are adolescent risk assessment tools sensitive to change? A framework and examination of the SAVRY and the YLS/CMI. Law and Human Behavior, 41(3), 244-257. doi:10.1037/lhb0000238